Partido Comunista de España Historic Archive (PCE Historic Archive) was created in 1980 by decision of the Central Committee of Partido Comunista de España (PCE) to help in the recovery of historical memory in Spain. This Archive is physically located in the Marqués de Valdecilla Historical Library in Madrid, on Noviciado street. Its purpose is to gather, conserve, recover and disseminate the documentary heritage of the PCE, as well as guaranteeing researchers and interested parties access and knowledge of the history of the Spanish communists, and in general, the contemporary history of our country. These funds are of capital importance for the study of the Civil War, subsequent repression, exile, the fight against the Franco dictatorship, social movements, the process of Democratic Transition and therefore a very important part of political history. and social of the Spain of century XX.
Among its various archival funds we want to highlight two of them referred to Radio España Independiente. Specifically, its sound fund and the fund specifically referred to Radio España Independiente. The sound fund is made up of 170 DVDs with digitized recordings from 1954 to 1977. The last broadcast of Radio España Independiente took place on July 14, 1977. Here audios are kept that surely were broadcast on Radio Pirenaica. From the collection called Radio España Independiente we can highlight the section referring to the correspondence of the listeners (studied by Armand Balsebre and Rosario Fontova in their book Cartas de la Pirenaica) and, chiefley, the 830 volumes with the transcripts of their daily broadcasts from 1951 to 1977 .
The Radio España Independiente original sound recordings were lost for the most part because the tapes were reused (as in most radio stations. Thus, Cadena SER did not create a documentation service until 1980) and, furthermore, there was no idea of conservation in those years. The only thing that has come to us from the Radio España Independiente broadcasts has been some sound fragments and the transcripts of the broadcasts.
In this way, the value of these 830 volumes is incalculable to bring us closer to the time and reality of the radio station. For this reason we have used these scripts to re-record or recreate a small part of these broadcasts thanks to agreements with the Archive of the Communist Party of Spain and the Ministry of Culture in a process of gradual incorporation of this type of sound files to our portal, Devuélveme la voz. These volumes were digitized by the Ministry in image format and were the basis for creating new sound recordings thanks to the work of a series of volunteers who have spoken the texts again to try to approximate, even from a distance, the broadcasts of La Pirenaica. All daily broadcasts (morning, afternoon and evening) were recorded in a single file. Each of these files has an approximate duration of 60 to 80 minutes.
These files were cataloged and are available from the University Alicante Digital Repository (RUA) and can be heard on our Internet portal selecting the Radio España Independiente fund in our search engine. The final idea is to be able to link, in the future, these sound recreations of Radio Pirenaica with the texts of the original scripts that would be housed in an archival center dependent on the Ministry of Culture.
Finally it should be highlighted the selfless work of the volunteers who have put the greatest interest and their voice to be able to relive what the listeners of the radio station felt during the Franco regime when listening to Radio España Independiente was a reason for complaint and the programs were listened to from home, with the sound very low so that it could not be heard by the neighbors.
Universidad de Alicante. Biblioteca Universitaria. Fonoteca