The origin and early development of Radio Alcoy is connected to the biography of Jesus Pascual Raduán, a man fascinated by the technical advances that began to spread from the beginning of the 20th century, in which radio occupied an essential place.
The stages of his life in relation to the Foundation and consolidation of Radio Alcoy passed parallel over a series of well defined periods in the Spain's history.
Years of education during the crisis of dynastic parties and the recent constitutional Governments of the monarchy (1914-1923).
The maturation of the idea the and first attempts to conduct, during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (1923-1929).
The implementation would coincide (and not by chance) with the proclamation of the Spanish Republic II, extending the consolidation of the project (with serious ups and downs) throughout the Civil War (1936-1939) and much of el primer "franquismo".
Jesus Raduán was born in Cocentaina may 27, 1902. He was the third son of Eugenio Raduán Casamijana and Maria Pascual Herráez, natural of Alcoy. He studied in two different schools, Ontinyent Franciscan friars and the school of Augustinians of San Lorenzo del Escorial. Completed high school he moved to Madrid, enrolling in the school of engineers of telecommunications. It was there where full became acquainted with a new cutting-edge technology just born: the radio.
Opt for a scientific career however, conflicted with the views of his father, which forced him to return before finishing his studies, although already dominated largely theoretical skills and practices sufficient for mounting of radio devices, allowing him to exercise technical - and later reach first officer and years more later to head - Alcoy telegraph officeCity in which took up residence since 1922 with his maternal grandparents, in whose house improvisará your first radio receiver. It was in 1923 when Jesus Raduán traveled to Paris, coming into contact with the latest technical advances in the field. Since then much of his effort focused on a goal. Introduce in Alcoy and make participant to its population of technological advances in its time, where the phonograph and radio developments played a crucial role.
It was necessary to first establish a workshop of electronics and electricity specializing in fonografía and installation, sale and repair of radio receivers, taking target construction and commissioning underway of a commercial radio station for Alcoy, allowing the municipality to equate in the telecommunications field with the rest of the country provincial capitals. After his first experience as a radio amateur, was the legal Constitution of the station which cost him most, despite the broad development of the radio sector during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera. With the advent of the II Spanish Republic and with the support of the municipal authorities, the station managed to see the light (September 9, 1931), although its consolidation required great effort by all partners and involved characters. During the Civil war and the immediate post-war period, the station was seized. First by the Republican authorities and then by the francoists. Although Jesus Raduán always maintained a direct responsibility, terminating delegating partially in the 1950s, from the lease of the station to the company of advertising commercial LAO (10 years), but always he retained his ownership. According to his grandson Juan Jordá Raduán, current director of the radio station:
“De joven, desde los 5 hasta los 18 años, tuve la suerte de vivir en casa de mis abuelos maternos, por lo que conviví muy de cerca con Jesús Raduán, mi abuelo, el fundador de la emisora (…). Don Jesús, como todos le conocían, era una persona inquieta, con gran curiosidad por los temas científicos y técnicos y con una buena dosis de imaginación. Un buen cóctel que hizo que pronto se aventurara en el mundo de la radio, aunque la guerra civil lo marcó profundamente (…) al finalizar ésta dejó la dirección y la gestión en manos de otras personas, aunque la seguía de cerca (…)”.
Source: EAJ-12 Radio Alcoy. 75 años de historia. Àngel Beneito
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca