There were many –and very courageous- collaborators and members of ”Paris Radio Station”. However, there are two specially remembered radio speakers of great significance: the marriage composed by Julián Antonio Ramirez and Adelita del Campo, two politicial and intellectuals exiles, against to the dictatorship, and protagonists of much of the recordings that make up the project. Although synthesizing their biographies in a few lines would be an impossible task -as it happens with the great majority of personalities of the Republican exile in the convulsa period that they had to live- there are a number of elements that should be emphasized, focusing particularly on their origins, where and when they met, and how they entered into ”Paris Radio Station”. All this, obviously, to very big strokes.
Regarding their origins, note that both received a privileged education for their time. Adelita’s education (her artistic name was first Adela Carreras Taurá) came from her family environment, being, among other things, the daughter of two stage artists, of republican tradition, and owners of small business, to which Adelita joined at the early age of 12. Julian Antonio Ramírez, born in the bossom of a large family from San Sebastián that prospered for a while thanks to the railroad. He attended his primary and secondary studies in local elite centres, such as the Escuela Francesa and the Colegio del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús
While Adelita succeeded in the world of stage, Julián Antonio Ramírez had the privilege of traveling on a scholarship to Madrid, where he studied and prospered, becoming a State official, militant at the same time in several trade union and political organizations, especially the UCF (University College Federation). Always committed to the educational and cultural policy of the Republic, he was linked, as a lecturer to the Popular University, and also to the itinerant university theatre "La Barraca", where he participated under the direction of Federico García Lorca.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, both maintained their committed to the Republic. Adelita exercised tasks of a welfare nature,as well as pedagogical, cultural and artistic, being a key figure, together with her family in the activities of the "Teatro del frente". Julian Antonio, on the other hand, in addition to pedagogical and cultural tasks, developed journalistic and propaganda work.
With the fall of Catalonia, they both crossed the border of France with their respective units almost simultaneously, passing through several concentration camps, without ever abandoning their commitment to democratic ideals, or to the rest of the refugees. Commitment that would not leave at any time of their lives. For this reason, during World War II, they collaborated in France, like other Spanish Republican refugees, becoming military in the Resistance once the French army was defeated, already converted into a marriage.
They had met in 1939, during their stay in the camps. It was the anniversary of the Second Republic and the refugees inaugurated a Radio Paris cultural centre. Julián Antonio participated in the multitudinal act reading poems by Federico García Lorca. They married in February 1942, and at the end of the year they had their son Carlos. It was during this period that Adelita Carreras was renamed as Adelita del Campo because, due to her relationship with the pedagogical activity developed in the internment camps, many refer to her in this way.
After World War II, and like many other political refugees, they remained in France in relatively poor conditions, although with the hope of being able to return, given that fascism had been fought and defeated militarily in Europe, and many thought that the fall of the Franco regime was imminent. The truth is that, for Western countries, including France itself, geopolitical and economic interests were crucial in keeping Franco in power, and making him an ally during the Cold War.
The incorporation of both in “Radio Paris” was the result of chance, and practically coincides with the access of André Camp to the address of the broadcasts. Adelita del Campo suffered a lung injury in 1947 that kept her away from the stage for several years, during which time she served as a collaborator in the dispensary of the Spanish Republican Red Cross, where she had been admitted, and in which she began to organize theatrical acts, becoming contracted by Covell de la Vega, collaborator of the Radophonic Theatre of the Spanish language broadcasts of the ORTF. As for Julian Antonio Ramírez, his entry into “Radio Paris” was related to the death of Stalin in 1953. Jorge Semprun had composed a poem to his memory, and he proposed his reading in the tribute paid by the International Brigadiers to the Soviet dictator. Julian presented him behind the scenes, withour showing himself in public. As the recording studio needed a male voice, he was called for an interview, and from that moment onwards, he started working at the radio station, recording theatre with his wife, until they proposed him to present the spoken newspaper, as a journalist and translator, soon forming a couple with his wife, and thus becoming two of the best known voices of "Radio Paris".
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