There were many –and very courageous- collaborators and members of ”Paris Radio Station”. However, there are two speakers especially remembered and of great significance: the marriage made up by Julián Antonio Ramirez and Adelita del Campo, two exiled politicians and intellectuals opposed to the Franco’s regime, and protagonists of most of the recordings that make up the project. Though synthesizing their biographies in a few lines would be an impossible task -as it happens with the vast majority of Republican exile figures in the turbulent period in which they lived- there are a number of elements that should be emphasized, focusing particularly on what their origins were, where and when they met, and how they entered into ”Paris Radio Station”. All this, of course, in very broad strokes.
As for their origins, it is worth mentioning that both of them received a privileged education for their time. Adelita’s education (her artistic name was first Adela Carreras Taurá) came from her family environment, being, inter alia, the daughter of two republican stage artists who owned a small business, to which Adelita joined at the early age of 12, while Julian Antonio Ramírez, was born in a large family of San Sebastian that thrived for a while thanks to the railway. He received his primary and secondary education at a local study centre, such as the Escuela Francesa and the Colegio del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús
Whereas Adelita succeeded in the stage world, Julián Antonio Ramírez had the privilege of traveling to Madrid with a scholarship, where he studied and flourished, becoming a state civil servant and an activist in several trade union and political organizations, especially in FUE (a University Federation). Always committed to the educational and cultural policy of the Republic, he was connected, as a lecturer to the Universidad Popular, as well as to the travelling university theatre company "La Barraca", where he participated under the direction of Federico García Lorca.
With the outbreak of the Civil War, both remained firmly committed to the Republic. Adelita exercised welfare, educational tasks, as well as artistic and cultural works, being a key figure, along with her family in the activities of the "Teatro del frente". Meanwhile, Julian Antonio developed, apart from educational and cultural tasks, journalistic and propaganda activities.
With the fall of Catalonia, they both crossed the border of France almost simultaneously with their respective units passing through several internment camps without ever forgetting their commitment to democratic ideals, nor with the other refugees. A commitment they would not leave at any time in their lives. For this reason, during the World War II, they worked in France, like other Spanish Republican refugees, passing on to recruit the Resistance once the French army was defeated, they were already married.
They had met in 1939 during their stay in the camps. It was the anniversary of the Second Republic and refugees inaugurated a cultural centre. Julian Antonio participated in the mass rally reading poems of Federico García Lorca. They married in February 1942 and at the end of the year they had their son Carlos. It was during this period that Adelita Carreras was renamed as Adelita del Campo because, due to her relationship with the pedagogical activity developed in the internment camps, many refer to her in this way.
After the World War II, and like many other political refugees, they remained in France in relatively poor conditions, but with the hope of returning, as fascism had been fought and defeated militarily in Europe, and many thought that the fall of the Franco’s regime was imminent. The truth is that for Western countries, including France itself, "the geopolitical and economic interests were determining factors to keep Franco in power, and turn it into an ally during the Cold War.
The incorporation of both of them in “Paris Radio Station” was coincidental, and practically coincides with the starting of André Camp as the director of the transmissions. Adelita del Campo suffered from a lung injury in 1947 that kept her away from the scene for several years, during which she served as a partner in the clinic of the Spanish Republican Red Cross, where she was admitted, where she began to organize theatre events, becoming employed by Covell de la Vega, an associate of radio drama of the Spanish-language broadcasts of the ORTF. As far as Julian Antonio Ramírez is concerned, his entry into “Paris Radio Station” was related to the death of Stalin in 1953. Jorge Semprun had composed a poem to his memory, and he suggested to him the reading in the tribute paid by the Soviet dictator to the International Brigades. Julian read it behind the scenes, not in public. Since the studio needed a male voice, he was called for an interview, and from that moment onwards, he started working at the radio station, making a theatre with his wife, until he was proposed to present the talking news, as a journalist and translator, making up a professional couple with his wife shortly after, and becoming two of the best known voices of Paris Radio Station.
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca