In the contemporary age, industrialisation and urban life created new forms of coexistence and favored the social conditions for the development of mass communication, a new type of communication that revolutionized almost all levels of life, individual and collective.
Trade, politics, sociability, education, entertainment, psychological, moral and cultural patterns... in a double direction, taking into account that individuals and societies helped and continues to help for its part to conform those means and their specific models of action. And the radio played an essential role in that process during the 20th century.
It is impossible to attribute the invention of the radio to a single person, because its development and dissemination was only possible with the contributions of a number of scientists, inventors and pioneers (Hertz, Maxwell, Tesla, Popov, Marconi, Julio Cervera,...), as well as different industries and previous technologies. The truth is that the broadcast of stable and regular programming was born in USA at the end of the year 1920.
The telephone and the telegraph (and to a large extent also the radiotelegraph) were private means of remote communication, but broadcasting as such was outlined as a means of mass communication: an issuing center directing its message to the public-recipient. It meant putting the world within reach of anyone. Listeners needed a complex receiver to capture emissions, for which the existence of electric network was essential. I.e. a previous infrastructure was needed. Suffice it to say that in Spain only from the 1930s onwards, the construction of houses with an incorporated electrical installation became widespread, generally in urban areas. The press reached almost everywhere but required a certain cultural level to be enjoyed. The radio, however, was developed virtually as an interclass media, a modern technology of transmission of oral culture, inherent in the human being.
Its ability to reach millions of people simultaneously made it perfect as political instrument of propaganda and information, but also of entertainment and publicity. The most profound change introduced by its diffusion was the structuring of personal and social life according to a strict schedule, including hours of free time. On the other hand, hand together with the individual and family environment, a public projection of the phenomenon was added. Everyone in their houses, most of the citizens had heard the same and could comment on its society.
Radio was the first means of communication and cultural entertainment tailored to the family unit: an essentially domestic article, although initially only for the more affluent. But also social, because it was common to listen to the radio in bars, recreational and political circles and other similar spaces. Another area in which the radio influenced very directly was in the music, eliminating the mechanical, spatial and acoustic limitations of sound difussion: it did not transformed the music, but it did change the role of music in everyday life and culture. These and other factors contributed culturally to transform the lives of women dedicated to their work.
University of Alicante. University Library. Music Library