Title: 'Valencia in Paris' Homage to the painter José Gumbau
Duration: 13 min., 28 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Homenaje al pintor José Gumbau en la Casa Regional Valenciana de París. Entrevista al pintor, a Francisco Puig Espert y otros
The report includes the tribute he dedicated the 'Casa Regional Valenciana' in Paris the painter José Gumbau, as also the interview with Francesc Puig Espert over it. Two important characters in the Valencian exile virtually forgotten, and whose memory must be recovered:
José Gumbau was born in Castellón, in 1907, and is considered linked to the "Valencian Generation of the 30s". From the beginning, he combined his work as a painter with retouching photographic paintings, and during military service, had contact with renowned intellectuals. During the Republic, was several times awarded as a portraitist. When Civil War broke out, was in Madrid to be a teacher of drawing. He enrolled in the Alliance of Intellectuals for the Defense of Culture. Supporter of anarchism, he moved to Valencia at the request of the CNT, where he organized anarchist section of Fine Arts. (See also an interview with the artist in a homage to the poet Maximilià Thous i Llorens in 1966)
He was associated with important information tasks, agitation, art and propaganda. Once the war ended, was able to return to Valencia after serving time in prison. During the postwar period made several jobs, but eventually took up again the painting, for years later by joining the "Grupo Parpalló" of Valencian cultural renewers. In 1956 he moved to Paris to live with a exiled relative, where he met the painter Eusebio Sempere, thus beginning his career as "artist emigrated". In Paris got a great number of art awards, starting to work for an art gallery in New York. He was also director of the very "Valencian Regional House" in Paris. Finally he moved to Marseilles, where he painted and lived until his death in 1989.
For his part, Francesc Puig Espert was born in Valencia in 1892. He began his studies at the Luis Vives in Valencia, and was graduated in Philosophy and Letters at the University of Valencia and co-founder of the Laboratory of Archaeology, University of Valencia. Collaborated with numerous Valencian publications of his time. Member of the society 'Lo Rat Penat', went on to win the 'Flor Natural' of the Floral Games four times (1916, 1920, 1921 and 1960). Author of several narratives and stories, maintaine relationships with the leading intellectuals of the time, particularly the politician and novelist Blasco Ibáñez. With the proclamation of the Second Republic, he held various positions of importance. Was the Civil Governor of Soria, Palencia and Burgos. Started the Civil War, held the Chair of Spanish Language Institute Luis Vives in Valencia, occupying the post of Secretary of the center. He was also President of the Circle of Fine Arts.
After the war, was exiled to France, where he spent initially by serious difficulties, apart from politics, to end up like Spanish language teacher at the 'Lycée Chaptal' in Paris. From there he maintained contact with Spanish exiles and Valencian especially, working in numerous publications and activities of the same. He was a member of the Union of Spanish Intellectuals, and published stories and poems in Valencian. On the other hand, he also published theather in French, in collaboration with André Camp, 'Le comte Gomara i l'enfant de la barraca' and the libretto for opera 'Le Tresor de Boabdil', with music by Salvador Bacarisse, which was awarded by the ORTF. When he was awarded the award 'Flor Natural' of 'Lo Rat Penat', 1960, the Valencian Regional House in collaboration with the "Ateneo Ibero-Americano" of Paris, dedicated to him a tribute, a few days before of the homage to José Gumbau. Professor, writer, poet and political with republican and Valencian vocation, died in Asnieres-sur-Seine (near Paris) in 1967. (Are preserved two documents: a poem signed by himself, in the homage to André Camp in 1966, and another poetry dedicated to him in his own tribute).
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca