Title: Walking music of Spain, talks to Pedro Echevarría Bravo : [flamenco and cante jondo]
Duration: 8 min., 20 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevista a Pedro Echevarría Bravo de las conferencias impartidas bajo el tema del flamenco y el cante jondo
Pedro Echevarria Bravo (1905-1990) was a renowned composer, orchestra director, academic of the Real de Bellas Artes of San Fernando, musicologist and folklorist, who dedicated his life to research, recording, compilation and dissemination (throughout Europe) of music and popular song, becoming one of the highest claims and theorists of the same. Reason why he received countless awards not only in Spain, but also in countries like France. That is why, taking advantage of his time in Paris, Julián Antonio Ramírez proposed to collaborate with the radio station in a series of special programs, taking advantage of his time in Paris. The exact number of recorded programs is unknown, given that only two tapes have been preserved, referring to the "Andalusian song, Flamenco, and the Cante Jondo" and "La lírica de Don Quijote y Sancho Panza", although there is at least a third emission, on "The musical culture of Isabel the Catholic", which unfortunately is not in the catalog.
Naturally, it must be said that from its very beginnings, the Franco regime took appropriated popular folkloric manifestations, distorted them (depriving them of all critical features and original identity), and used them as a substantial part of their Spanish nationalist policy. A manoeuvre carried out essentially for the purpose of the propaganda and demobilization of society. And although Pedro Echevarria Bravo originally collaborated in the tasks of compilation and selection, his purpose was quite different: to try to record and preserve these folkloric musical pieces in the purest form possible, preserving their meaning and essence to the maximum. All this, travelling through the countryside, and transcribing poems and songs directly with pencil and paper, without even using a recorder.
Thus, among his most outstanding works, we can mention the popular musical Cancionero musical popular manchego (1951), Cancionero de los peregrinos de Santiago (1967) - of which he personally deliver a copy to Pablo VI - and La lírica del Quijote y Sancho Panza (published finally in 1968), all of them of international renown. Without forgetting his works and lectures on Galician music folklore, the Andalusian, and even the Portuguese, Dutch and French, in its different aspects.
The recordings are of special interest, not only from the point of view of the study of folklore itself, but also because of the background of political and cultural criticism received by the subject, both by the speaker and the interviewee. In fact, moments can be cited where such criticism is manifest. For example, there is talk of the falsification of flamenco, Andalusian music and the cante jondo that was taking place in Spain, which had little or nothing to do with the original popular demonstrations. "The people are sovereign", Pedro Echevarria says literally about such falsifications. And in the words of Julián Antonio Ramírez, "Sancho shows that the best government is that of the people". On the other hand, and as a symbolic element, Don Quixote had a special relevance for exile in general. In fact, it was one of the essential books with which children were taught Castilian outside Spain.
University of Alicante. University Library. Music Library