Title: "Interview with students of the Official School of Journalism in Madrid"
Duration: 13 min., 22 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevista a alumnos de la Escuela de Periodismo de Madrid de visita en la casa de la radio de París. Los alumnos entrevistan a Julián Antonio Ramírez
The 'Escuela Oficial de Periodismo' (EOP, Official School of Journalism) was the state body of the Franco regime in charge of the formation and the indoctrination of the Spanish journalists. The francoist doctrine on the media considered the journalist as a government employee at the service of the “New State” as he constituted a fundamental piece of the politics of information and cultural control. The journalists were submitted to a strict regulation of their activities, within very restricted margins; the Law of Press of 1938 established the rules that the journalist profession would have to follow. Nevertheless, the EOP began in 1941, as “an academic organization in charge of the comprehensive formation of the journalist, spiritually and technically, in order to carry out his mission in the service of the culture and the interests of the homeland” (BOE 19-XI-1941), and was the only gateway for the profession. According to María Luisa Humanes, there are several phases in the development of this institution (HUMANES, 2002, 625-638), that would culminate with the creation of a Faculty of Journalism. The EOP was born very attached to the nerve centre of Press and Propaganda, established since May 1941 in the Deputy Secretary-General of Popular Education, dependent of the General Secretariat of the Movement, then it came under the authority of the Undersecretariat of Popular Education of the Ministry of National Education in December 1945, and finally remained under the control of the Ministry of Information and Tourism, created in February 1952.
In 1953, it was initiated a new stage, in which the EOP was given a more complete profile, where the foundation of the School of Journalism of the Church in 1960 meant a certain breakup with the state monopoly. This second stage culminated with the enactment of the Law of Press and Printing of 1966, starting a third stage in 1967 with the EOP, that led somehow to the integration of the Journalism Studies in the University, with the opening in 1971 of the Faculties of Sciences of Information in the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and in the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, and the transformation in Faculty of the Institute of Journalism of the Universidad de Navarra. Since then, and along 4 years, the Schools of Journalism began to extinguish, although it was the Ministry of Information and Tourism itself -until virtually the end of the Franco regime-, the one who dictated the plans of study that the applicants for the post of journalist had to do.
Regarding the broadcast, it records the voluntary visit of a group of students of the Escuela Oficial de Periodismo of Madrid to the Maison de la Radio in Paris in 1970. The students were received by Julián Antonio Ramírez, who, after asking them some preliminary questions on their opinions of the visit, agreed to be interviewed by them. As you can appreciate in the tape, for them Julián Antonio Ramírez was a true legend in the profession. There is no waste in this broadcast, and the student's subjects of interest are extremely significant: if it did exist a cultural dirigism in France, which did the press offices play, which reasons justified the existence of “Radio París” as a French station with Spanish broadcasts... And even which was his vision of the Spanish youth of the moment, as an exiled person and veteran of the Spanish Civil War.
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca