Title: Unamuno Voice, the word
Duration: 5 min., 39 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Lectura de poesías por Miguel de Unamuno: "Niño viejo" y "Dorium-Duero-Douro" entre otras
Miguel de Unamuno is considered to be one of the big representatives of the called "generation of the 98". A very prolific intellectual, passionate and controversial, and often contradictory, actively participated in politics and was up to three times Rector of the University of Salamanca. Contrary to the theses of Sabino Arana, his critics to Alfonso XIII and to the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera costed him repression and exile, and although he identified himself initially with the II Republic and he was benefited by it, he soon showed his disenchantment. So much so, that at the outbreak of the civil war, at first he supported the military. However, he was subjected to domiciliary arrest, after his famous conflict with the general Millán Astray during a public act in the University of Salamanca, dying few days afterwards, in December of 1936. The establishment of the Franco regime supposed that his work, like that of other liberals, was silence and systematically denigrated during years.
In the fifties, the Bishop of Canary Islands, Antonio Pildain, published in a pastoral titled "Don Miguel de Unamuno, hereje máximo y maestro de herejías", against a modest official act in the University of Salamanca. And if on one hand Ministers of Franco and Gabriel Arias Salgado tried everything for censoring his works, in diverse university circles tried the recovery of this and other intellectual figures for the "official" culture, depriving them previously of political connotations.
Having said that, along the sixties, and thanks to the "liberalizing" politics (more apparent than real) promoted by Manuel Fraga Iribarne from the Ministry of Information and Tourism, started at the margin of the "official" culture an important review of his figure, in all his dimension, that broke the previous schematism. For example, two literature historians, Pérez de la Dehesa and Carlos Blanco Aguinaga, recovered the Marxist Unamuno of the years 1895-1898, until then forgotten by the critic. The acts of tribute followed each other, especially during the centenary of his birth, in 1964. Furhtermore, Miguel Picazo realised the cinematographic version of his novel The Aunt Tula (1964), very applauded by the critic. Even the own Fraga pretended to use Unamuno for the benefit of the regime. In fact, the first work of the collection "Biblioteca Salvat RTVE", emblem of its politics, was also "La tía Tula" (1969), of which it was sold a total of 700.000 copies, which constituted an authentic milestone in Spain.
"Radio Paris" also dedicated acts of tribute to the immortal philosopher, whose figure and values demanded the exile for himself, in front of the manipulation and the attempts of appropriation perpetated by the Franco regime. In fact, the 14 of December of 1963 there was an important event in charge of the Ateneo Ibero-American of Paris, in collaboration with the Theatrical Group of the RTF, the Institute of High Studies of Latin America and the Hispanic Institute of the University of Paris.
The three available recordings in the catalogue belong, nevertheless, to the tribute that dedicated him "Radio Paris" in December of 1964 (see: In the centenary of Miguel de Unamuno I and II), centenary of his birth. Presented by Julián Antonio Ramírez, with the participation of Jean Camp (important Hispanist and father of André Camp, director of "Radio Paris") and the famous historian exiled Manuel Tuñón de Lara, with big interventions. The highlight of the radio event was constituted, nevertheless, by the broadcast of a recording in disk format of the own Unamuno, apparently dated, at the beginning of the thirties. All this of incalculable testimonial value.
University of Alicante. University library. Music Library