Title: [Interview with Henry of Motherlant]
Duration: 11 min.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevista de Julián Antonio Ramírez al escritor Henry de Montherlant sobre su novela "Le chaos et la nuit" editada en 1963
The recording registers an interview by Julián Antonio Ramírez with the writer and playwright Henry de Montherlant, especially focused on the publication of his novel Le chaos et la nuit by Éditions Gallimard, a publishing house specialized in the edition of the great names of French and foreign literature, and promoter of the modern pocket book in France during the 1960s (20th century).
In broad strokes, the novel narrated the tragedy of Don Celestino, an Spanish anarchist exiled in France, who lived in Paris for more than 20 years, in the company of his daughter, Pascualita. Nostalgic and obsessed with the Civil War, he is forced to return to Madrid to settle the unexpected issue of an inheritance. Showing himself fearful but at the same time determined to confront his old enemies, his old idealism clashes with the reality of a Spain in full technocratic developmentalism, determined to forget its history and its memory. In sespite being a novel, this argument had in its time an unusual validity in the real plane, and that directly affected the majority of speakers of "Radio Paris". In this sense, there is no more to remember, just to give an example and moving forward in time, La gallina ciega of Max Aub , in which the author narrated his impressions horrified during his fleeting return to Spain in 1969.
Le chaos et la nuit was published in Spain shortly after, in 1964, under the title El caos y la noche, translated by Maria Luisa Gefaell, although she had serious conflicts with the censorship of the moment (demonstrating once again that the supposed "opening" policy was nothing more than a propaganda strategy with covert repression), so the text underwnet suffered modifications of important consideration. Thus, the complete work would only see the light in our country thanks to a revised edition of the year 2009.
This author is considered one of the great French dramatic authors of the 20th century, recognized in Spain particularly for works such as Los bestiarios (1927) y El cardenal de España: drama in three acts (1962). Of possible Catalan origin, member of a noble family, he fought in the trenches during the First World War, a tragedy that undoubtely marked his later literary career. Appointed a member of the French Academy in 1960, he committed suicide in 1972, after suffering an accident that had severely affected his vision.
About Henry de Montherlant two tapes are conserved in the catalog. The first corresponds to the interview itself, conducted by Julián Antonio Ramírez in March 1963, entirely in French, broadcast on "Radio Paris" during those same years. The second tape (and this is a significant fact) corresponds to the assembly of that same recording for the Spanish-speaking audience (finally issued on the 30th of the same month), in which the original interview is listened, translated later by the announcer himself. To all this is added a special feature: the radio script of this second recordinghas been preserved. The convergence of these three elements (original interview, assambly and preservation of the radio script) is an illustrative example of the process of radio production in several of its aspects.
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