Title: [Meeting of the Commission Franco-Spaniard of Borders, interview with Ramón Martín Herrero]
Duration: 7 min., 27 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Entrevista con Ramón Martín Herrero, copresidente español de la comisión de los Pirineos. Hablan sobre los acuerdos tomados en dicha comisión
The fifties supposed for the Franco regime the end of the international isolation and the international recognition that was so much needed as a backup, under the protection of the outbreak of "the Cold War". In 1953 the military Treaty with U.S. was signed and the Concordat with the Holy See was established. An international recognition that achieved its decisive point with the admisión of Spain in the UN in 1955, standing the dictator Franco in the zenith of his power, especially in 1959. with the official visit of the general Eishenhower, President of U.S.
In that context of international success, the instauration of the V Republic in France in October of 1958 supposed an important reactivating of the Franco-Spanish relations, that became narrower and intense under the auspice of the conservative President Charles De Gaulle, mythical hero of the II World War. Thing that turned into in a greater pressure of the French Government on the exiled Spanish in France, while Franco did the same with regard to the Algerian question (that had carried France at the edge of the Civil War). Obviously, the absence of democracy in Spain conditioned the normalisation of relations in the strictly political plane. And although there were symbolic moments, as the visit to Madrid of the French minister of Foreign Affairs in May of 1964, (and an interview between Franco and Of Gaulle that only took place in the strictly private plane, after the resignation of the own French President), with what there was not big advances in this field, being much more important in the economic plane (including tourist and migratory politics) and in the cultural.
In parallel to everything said, it was developing the European construction process, with which a fundamental part of the exile felt ideologically connected from the beginning, and the members of “Radio París” were not an exception. But the Spanish government did not request to open negotiations with the European Economic Community until February 1962, having as objective to achieve a statute of associate country first, and full integration shortly after, under the ministry of Castiella. However, episodes as the "Contubernio of Munich", the repression of the Asturians strikers in 1962-1963, the campaign "Gibraltar, Spanish" and the "affaire" Grimau, put on guard to the majority of European countries against the Francoism. And although France proclaimed itself guarantor and defender of the entry of Spain in the CEE, it only did it as propaganda before the Spanish authorities, without this support materialising in practice, because France feared the Spanish economic competition. In July 1970, the Spanish government -with López Bravo as Minister of Foreign Affairs- managed to sign a simple Preferential Trade Agreement with Europe, of little importance, already in the time of the President Pompidou, De Gaulle's old right hand, and with Prince Juan Carlos as official successor of Franco.
In the military terrain, France was in favour of keeping bilateral relations with Spain, to sign punctual agreements, on the margin of the NATO. Besides, France obtained good profits with the sale of warlike material to Spain, with several operations of great importance. On the other hand, the process of economic liberalisation -without political freedoms- set up in Spain during the sixties to make the regime last without changing the essentials, opened new perspectives to the French economic mediums, that produced a rich exchange of money, ideas, products and mutual cooperation.
All this turned out in a cultural exchange, used by France almost always as a strategy to support economic exchange. And “Radio París”, as a French state broadcaster of political propaganda, was a key piece in the development of these processes, or at least of a substantial part of the same. In fact, along the catalogue of “Radio París” are conserved numerous broadcasts that deal with Franco-Spanish relations from multiple levels, with the European horizon in the background and the democracy as the main implicit claim. For example:
University of Alicante. University library. Music Library