Title: Reform of the primary education in France
Duration: 25 min., 48 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Recoge la entrevista a una profesora de una escuela experimental del distrito 20 de París. Hablan sobre la enseñanza en las escuelas experimentales y sobre la reforma de la enseñanza primaria en Francia, reforma de Pompidou. Se recogen opiniones diversas sobre la reforma
The education system in France, had a recurring focus on "Radio Paris". Partly as a form of propaganda of all things French ("Radio Paris" was primarily a radio station of propanganda of France, it has become), but always carrying a heavy burden implied criticism Franco. And, in general, solid pointer against the French educational system of his time (of which the recordings give proof), the educational system of the Franco dictatorship suffered from severe shortages of origin. In fact, focus-born from its beginnings in the social framework, based on the teaching of rules of civility, and the imposition of political and religious values %u200B%u200Bof the winning side. Of course, initiatives such as the Free Institution of Education, were completely eradicated.
However, the economic transformations occurring in Spain since the late fifties, a very significant influence on the educational landscape of the second Franco. In fact, as economic liberalization is taking shape since 1957, education was gaining increasing importance. Political power was assumed that the development required a staff with better training, and general education of the population was very poor, with a high percentage of illiteracy. Remember also that the faculty as a whole, had been one of the professional sectors most affected by post-war repression.
Since the removal of Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez (after university crisis of February 1956), successive Ministers of Education will undertake gradual reform efforts, especially during the sixties. Among other things, from 1963-1964 (and especially with the Development Plan I) started various mass literacy campaigns, construction of new schools as well as the introduction of compulsory schooling to 14 years. In addition, schools were established Industrial Training, technical studies parallel rearranging, sitting with all the foundations of the Education Act 1970, that was conducted by the Valencian technocrat José Luis Villar Palasí (Minister of Education from April 1968 and June 1973). Because of the situation of the University (facing the dictatorship since at least 1962), decided to start a comprehensive reform from the bottom of the educational system, based on some basic premises, resulting in the publication in 1969 of the official book 'Foundations for a education policy', better known as 'The White Book of Education'.
Reform was a practical approach homologous to the rest of Europe at the time, but clashes with the old structures of Franco, especially for the required investment, given the lack of a fiscal policy of the dictatorship, which had serious cuts in the final text. The education system was divided into: 'Preschool Education' (2 to 5 years), 'General Basic Education' (EGB, 6 to 13 years), 'Polyvalent Unified Baccalaureate' (BUP, 14 to 16 years), and the 'University Orientation Course' (COU, at 17 years). In any case, was the EGB the star stretch of the reform, to be compulsory and free. In fact it was a law in force (with tweaks depending on the context of the time, obviously) to the approval of the LOGSE, already in the 90's. In France, moreover, most of pilot projects are given by failured along the 80's.
University of Alicante. University Library. Sound library