Title: [Reception of the Federation of Spaniards donantes of blood]
Duration: 17 min., 31 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. Ramírez/del Campo
Summaries: Interviene el padre Boulogne, primer transplantado cardiáco en Francia. Canción al final de Mary Hopkins "Those were the days"
"Radio Paris" paid special attention to medicine, clinics and the medical science landmarks achieved in France. The interpretation that can be given regarding the intentionality pursued is, as always, multiple. Obviously, taking into account that "Radio Paris" was in first place a French state radio station, there was an evident interest in showing France as a symbol of modernity in all its facets (For example, visit to the National centre of Exploitation of the Oceans of Bretaña), and the field of medicine was not going to be an exception. By extension, it supposed an implicit critic in the delay situation existing in the Francoist Spain.
The Spanish Civil War, but especially the long post-war period, supposed a hard hit for the development of the medical investigation in our country, in comparison to the gradual advances achieved since beginnings of the 20th century. A medical development that achieved its decisive point during the II Republic, where there was a big quantity of medical professional working as political responsability, beginning with the own House of Representatives. The most famous, without any doubt, was the controversial Doctor Negrín, eminent scientist whose attainments achieved international fame, that would arrive to be President of the Cabinet during the last years of the war and the first of the Government of the Republic in the exile.
The numbers are eloquents. For example, it is calculated that during the conflict 165 doctors were murdered in the zones controlled by the rebels, next to the 103 that perished, victims of the post-war repression. Regarding the number of exiled, during the summer of 1939, France arrived to register in the census a total of 1500 people of health personnel (Guerra, Francisco: 1996). Likewise, it is calculated that near 500 managed to escape to Mexico (although there are sources that reduce this figure to the half), one of the only countries where they received a good reception, and where the profit was reciprocal between the exiled and the receiving State. All that generated in Spain a situation of absolute delay, that kept until at least the end of the Transition.
Having said that, together with the exaltation propaganda of France and implied critic to the Dictatorship of Franco, it also existed a biographical component of double character. On the one hand, Adelita del Campo and Julián Antonio Ramírez lived in first person the precarious situation lived in the fields of refugees in France, where the Spanish republican doctors attended the patients as they could. On the other hand, and perhaps more important, the own Adelita contracted a serious pulmonary illness during those dates, that would suffer her entire life and would force her to remain during long seasons in French hospitale centres, something that definitely influenced in the articles elaborated on this thematic.
Throughout the catalogue, it is conserved a total of six directly related recordings with sanitary subjects in France. Four of them are related with visits to sanatoriums and centres of medical investigation (see: I, II, III, IV), whereas two of them talk about the transplantation made in May of 1968 by Charles Dubost to Charles Boulonge (see: II), Dominican priest that managed to survive seventeen months and five days after the operation, constituting a milestone in its moment. The recordings the additional value to present, as much in group and in each one of them, an important evidence of the state of the European Medical Science of those times.
The photography shows to the four first persons subjected to a heart transplant in France. From left to right, the father Boulogne, Bernard Marion, the Spanish José Fores and Paul Vitra.
University of Alicante. University library. Music Library