Title: [Interview with Salvador de Madariaga: fragment]
Duration: 02 min., 51s.
Sound collection: Radio Paris. André Camp
Summaries: André Camp entrevista a Salvador de Madariaga, colaborador de las emisiones de la RTF para España durante la primera parte de la misma tras la II Guerra Mundial bajo la dirección de Christian Ozanne
Interview with the famous Republican intellectual in exile Salvador de Madariaga (1886-1978) about his role as a former collaborator of "Radio París".
Salvador de Madariaga politically participated in the second Spanish Republic. And as a moderate liberal (very critical with the left, nationalists and the labor movement) came to collaborate on the Governments of Lerroux as an ally of the CEDA. Defender of peace and global disarmament, shortly after the outbreak of the civil war went into exile to Great Britain (after a brief stay in Geneva), where he already had strong academic linkages as a Professor of Spanish language and literature at Oxford. His stance during the war was to defend that neither of the two parties was right, but struggled to carry out mediation in the conflict to the international organizations of the time, placing especially the British, although unsuccessfully Government.
During the post-war period, consecrate their political activities to the double task of ending the Franco regime and to promote European unity. Is well known for its "open letter to general Franco", posted in November 1944, where he said "General, márchese usted. El Caudillo de un bando no sirve para hacer la paz en España". His role on the radio, was also important in principle as a contributor to BBC London and later in "Radio Paris", dependent on the RTF (Radiodiffusion-Télévision française). A team in which the Spanish Republican exiles were a clear majority was formed under the direction of Christian Ozanne. Next to the "Padre Olaso", Salvador de Madariaga became one of the most important partners of that stage. Its program was weekly, recorded in the studios of the BBC tapes and then sent them to Paris, with a strong anti-Franco political. Obviously, the protests of the Franco Government by those emissions were going on. And finally, in 1957, “Radio París” had to delete the collaborations of Salvador de Madariaga and the "Padre Olaso". The dictatorship was concerned that critical voices will create instability in the Spanish society.
The recording, although brief, constitutes an important historical testimony. In the words of the own Salvador de Madariaga:
“A mí se me dijo: 'cada semana hable 15 minutos de un tema que pueda interesar a todos los españoles' (...) Como convencido que soy de que el verdadero sentido de la democracia es el gobierno por la opinión pública, me pareció admirable que hubiese una institución como ésta en donde reinaba el mayor respeto por la opinión, porque la opinión pública es una síntesis de opiniones personales y el que oprime la opinión de una persona, oprime o deforma la opinión pública general. Y he de decir que por lo menos a la RTF que yo conocí (...) el sentido y el respeto de la libertad personal del pensamiento y de la opinión pública no podrían haber sido mejores”.
The work of Salvador de Madariaga was equally important in its European dimension. For example, in 1962 he was one of the main organizers of the meeting of different anti-Franco sectors of the exile and the interior (except for the Communists) at the Congress of the European movement IV in Munich.
He returned to Spain in May 1976, almost a year after the death of Franco, being received by King Juan Carlos I.
Universidad de Alicante. Biblioteca Universitaria. Fonoteca