Title: Interview with the Minister, José García Hernández
Duration: 3 min., 48 seg.
Sound collection: Radio Alcoy
Summaries: Lorenzo Rubio entrevista al Ministro de la Gobernación en visita oficial a Alcoy
Jesús Raduán Pascual conceived and configured "EAJ-12 Radio Alcoy" as a local radio station essentially commercial, informational, educational and entertainment. So it worked until the end of the war in 1939.
With Franco's victory, the dictatorship harshly controlled radio stations. The regime established the state monopoly on information and of all means of communication. The dictatorship adopted a series of measures: prior censorship of disks and hyphens, obligation to connect with informational programs of the radio station of the Government, Radio Nacional de España, mandatory inclusion of press releases and news from the authorities, the Church and the Falange (in the readings of programming we can see connections with Radio Nacional of Spain and phrases of exaltation of the regime with which ended up emissions). The news that each radio station could emit came from your nearest area and always with prior censorship (except for sporting events and major events). Alcoy radio only reported on local affairs. Drove all professionals opposed to the dictatorship and they were forced to swear the principles of the national movement. Successive decrees came to reinforce this situation, as the July 1954 and January 1960. In addition, were banned from citizenship tune any external shortwave station.
The regime converted Spanish radio in an unsettling instrument. The scripts of all programs had to go through censorship and grant your permit's issuance. In addition the records already released (and that they had already gone through censorship) they should go through a second jigging censorial to determine what songs could radiate and which are not.
Since 1955, and for quite a few years, Radio Alcoy issued Vida local, first with Francisco Llorens and later with Mario Candela Llopis. The program not only radiated local news but also all kinds of official announcements. In the 1960s by the socio-economic and cultural transformations the information policy of Radio Alcoy changed, especially after you associate in 1962 with Cadena Ser. The reforms initiated by the aperturistas during those years (a political make-up operation) were predominantly technical, especially aimed at extending the broadcasts in FM (Radio Alcoy started them in 1968).
Nevertheless was permissiveness by the dictatorship due to cultural change. So the magazine from 1964 Matinal Cadena Ser it can be considered the first report of the not official radio to offer some news nationwide, without forgetting the role of programs in delay of the ORTF that it came from the French Embassy to be issued by local stations. The announcers of Radio Alcoy were becoming bolder, causing problems with the dictatorship. An innovative program was Nuestra ciudad (1967-1969) daily space of local critique written under the pseudonym of Casimiro. Thereafter, the level of informative critique of Radio Alcoy (with broadcasters such as Lorenzo Rubio) increased with clashes between the Francoist authorities and radio station up to informational freedom of 1977. The radio was one of the major media players in the transition to democracy in Spain.
University of Alicante. University Library. Fonoteca